Progressive web apps now being served

Progressive Web Apps

When Google says something is the next big thing, we tend to listen.

And Progressive Web Apps (or PWAs) are, in a word, it.

If you missed this news and were absent the day they had the PWA meeting at work, here’s what you should know.

The nutshell version.

PWAs can be summed up as a web page that can be hot-linked to the homescreen of the user’s phone, creating an app-like experience. Some recent technology enhancements and the increased power of newer smartphones and devices make it possible.

In slightly more technical terms, think of a PWA as a hybrid utility – a mix between a website and a native application on a mobile device.

Thirsty for an example? Here’s an example of a simple PWA that allows users to learn more about beer. Cheers.

Top 10 reasons they’re a good thing

Google (and us for that matter) like PWAs for these reasons.

  1. PWAs are fast to load
  2. They feel like an app
  3. They don’t require an app store to install
  4. They build search engine visibility
  5. They’re responsive
  6. They work with all browsers
  7. PWAs are linkable and not be hard to install
  8. They’re enhanced to work offline or on low-quality networks
  9. They stay fresh because of a background update function
  10. PWAs are safe and served via HTTPS

If you need a laundry list of PWA attributes, look at this detailed look at what Google says are the key elements of a good PWA.

How PWAs keep users engaged.

Studies have shown that in a consumer mobile app, you lose around 20% of the user base for every step a user has to perform before getting to valuable content or experiences.

It’s called the “funnel effect.” And it has huge implications. For example, what if the user has to do any of the following?

  1. Go to the app store
  2. Download the app
  3. Open App
  4. Sign up for the app
  5. Create something
  6. Post/Send to friends
  7. Overcome any other typical experiential roadblock

If each of these steps causes a 20% drop in users, the attrition rate is ridiculous. With PWAs, the first three steps are bypassed, allowing users to find value quicker and stay engaged longer.

Loading & Pushing.

People expect a site to load in 2.0 seconds or less, according to study. After 3.0 seconds, many are gone. Now think of a phone on 3G trying to load the heavy elements of a website. The words “clunky,” “glacial,” and “stultifying” come to mind. PWAs, by contrast, load quickly even in areas with poor connectivity.

Another great PWA feature is the ability to send Push Notifications to users who have added the PWA to their phone. Push notifications can increase CTR by up to 40%.

And now, for PWA drawbacks…

Since Google began leading the push for PWAs in 2015, development has been slow.

Cutting edge browser technologies are needed for a PWA to function correctly. Sure, the PWA most likely will still work on older devices and browsers, but the UX won’t be the same.

Apple is developing the required pieces for PWAs to function 100% correctly on iPhones and other iOS products. And because PWAs function similar to a normal website, a user on an iPhone can still reap the benefits of the PWA, even if they are unable to add it directly to their homepage.

Source links:

[1] https://www.smashingmagazine.com/2016/08/a-beginners-guide-to-progressive-web-apps/
[2] https://developers.google.com/web/fundamentals/getting-started/codelabs/your-first-pwapp/
[3] http://blog.gaborcselle.com/2012/10/every-step-costs-you-20-of-users.html
[4] https://blog.kissmetrics.com/speed-is-a-killer/
[5] http://andrewchen.co/new-data-on-push-notification-ctrs-shows-the-best-apps-perform-4x-better-than-the-worst-heres-why-guest-post/
[6] https://jakearchibald.github.io/isserviceworkerready/

WHAT SCHOOL DO YOU DRIVE?

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Price, performance, and perception.

In our experience, those are the 3 criteria on which learning institutions are evaluated – by students, parents, consultants, counselors, and, well, everyone.

To take our hypothesis out for a spin to see how it corners, we asked two panels of 12 undergrads – all majoring in Advertising and PR – to evaluate a set of universities using car types and the perceptions that surround them. For a kicker, we also asked if there is a celebrity they might associate with the school.

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Our Top 5 reasons why timesheets suck harder than an airplane toilet

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Anyone in professional services knows the issue.

Timesheets, to put it as delicately as possible, suck. Show us someone who likes timesheets and we’ll show you an anal-retentive, neo-maxi zoom dweebie.

The many sucky aspects of timesheets

1. They suck creativity out of the brain. Timesheets are the ultimate buzzkill. They are to creativity what kryptonite is to Superman: a life-denying, soul-shattering, anti-matter experience that leaves a trail of scorched cerebral earth in its path.

2. They suck away time that could be spent on YouTube. One of our employees claims that he can’t work past 3:30 without going on YouTube to watch a baseball manager get thrown out of a game. Timesheets seriously cut into his Watch-a-Grown-Man-Have-A-Hissyfit time. Argue with that.

3. They suck the life out of my Kwan.

As Rod Tidwell said in Jerry McGuire, you gotta have the Kwan. Timesheets are a total Kwan-killer.

4. They suck because all forms suck. Misery comes in many forms. Most are either IRS forms or timesheets.

5. They suck because they make people go shoplifting in convenience stores. Unproven fact: Timesheets are known to cause people to shoplift at their local Gas n Sip, resulting in excess consumption of turkey jerky.

AND why we do them anyhow

  1. They help us understand process. If we’re way over budget or behind schedule, we can look at how we got there.
  2. They help manage workflow. Some tasks take longer than others. Some people work faster than others. Timesheets tell us about ourselves and how we can organize our efforts better.
  3. It’s just good business. We talk about metrics and how they can tell whether something is worth the investment. Timesheets are a metric for telling us if we’re performing at a strong level, fro clients and for ourselves.

Chime in. Let us know your true feelings about timesheets.

Resorts are still more than Net Promoter Scores

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The NPS barometer

We have a client in the ski resort industry that answers the question, “How are we doing as an organization?” by studying movement within the Net Promoter Scores they constantly collect through research.

“We utilize NPS as a tool to measure how we are doing in our guest’s eyes,” said Brian Fairbank, Chairman of the Fairbank Group, which includes enterprises such as Jiminy Peak, Cranmore Mountain Resort, and Bromley ski areas. “The guest experience is the most critical aspect of our business and NPS shows us the areas we need to focus on to improve that experience.”

The NPS number isn’t the only KPI they’re looking at, but it’s viewed as the report card for the entire organization and when it moves north, there is great happiness.

For the record, the NPS asks the question: “How likely are you to recommend [Name of Brand] to a friend?” It originated around 2003 in a Harvard Business Review article called “The One Number You Need to Grow.”

It has been embraced notably by Bain & Co as well as a fudgezillion other companies. In fact, NPS been around nearly 11 years – and there’s really nothing else to replace it. So here’s our take on the net worth of net promoter scores.
 

Why the NPS is good

It’s real simple. It’s really just 3 numbers. You – and everyone in the company – can get your head around it.

It’s conversational. Because of the impact of social media, brands today live (and die) in conversation to a greater extent than ever. So what better way to understand brand performance than to ask how a consumer would talk about it to a friend? The NPS detects the degree to which a human is personally invested in vouching for a brand.

You get clear lines of engagement. In classic NPS segmentation, customers respond on a 0-to-10 point rating scale and are categorized as follows:

  • Promoters (score 9-10) are loyal enthusiasts who will keep buying and refer others, driving growth.
  • Passives (score 7-8) are satisfied but unenthusiastic. Beware: You can lose them to competition.
  • Detractors (score 0-6) can hurt you through negative word-of-mouth.

NPS helps organize the brand apostles. Those 9s and 10s are the ones spreading the word. They can form the basis of a loyalty program, an advisory panel, or an informal sounding board for brand development.

It shows you where you’re vulnerable. There’s plenty of evidence to support the idea that most growth opportunities are actually retention opportunities. By dealing with unhappy campers effectively, you can win hearts and wallets. So consider that the 0-6 crowd is potentially as valuable as the 9s and 10s.
 

The limitations of NPS

It needs to be consistently implemented across lots of areas. To understand a total NPS rating, resorts need to dissect the consumer experience in a number of areas: Lift lines, concessions, rental equipment, dining, lodging, parking, and so forth. Only this way can you tell how individual strengths and weaknesses are impacting the whole experience. Adobe has a good blog on this.

It can be shallow – and it mandates more research. We believe the biggest single disadvantage of the NPS is often the lack of ability to identify and act upon driving factors behind customers’ responses to the question. So the real value of the NPS only happens when you drill down into it. Otherwise it’s a number on a board.
 

The takeaway

Combine your NPS score with other KPIs that are focused on other aspects of the brand experience such as:

  • Search volume. Search activity around specific marketing programs will tell you if marketing is actually driving sales – and identify the front end of the consumer experience rather than the back end.
  • Verbatims. There’s no substitute for listening to voices, in focus groups or on the phone or in person.
  • Shadow shopping. One criticism of NPS is that the number doesn’t say anything about consumer behavior. Try observing consumers on the resort property as they arrive and leave. Their attitudes and energy will tell you a lot.

 

When it’s time to talk research, we’re never bored. So join us for a beverage sometime soon.

 

SEO for CMOs: What you need to know

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Is your brand getting buried alive on search?

When was the last time you clicked through to the second or (gasp) third page of Google in search of a listing for your company’s content? It’s a terrible feeling, as if your content is getting buried alive. It’s important for companies to keep an eye on their rankings for branded, non-branded, and industry terms – and understand how SEO is changing.

Keeping pace with search sophistication.

When search engines were first being used, there was less content Out There. The internet was simpler. A website would only use page titles, meta-descriptions and alt attributes to describe the content that was on a given page.

But search got smarter, and algorithms started discerning which sources of information were better than others. For example, Googlebot – the web crawler that looks for new and updated pages – started assigning more importance to content based on the credibility of the source.

SEO Evolution Timeline

Algorithms: Taking a deeper dive

As search engines got better at patrolling the web, they started looking at factors like inbound/outbound linking, anchor text, domain names and registration information. Then algorithms focused on domain authority (which relies heavily on other sites linking back to yours) and diversity of the external link sources. Linking between two or three sites wasn’t enough anymore.

The most recent and advanced algorithm turn the internet into a popularity contest. Social mentions are important, especially those from (wait for it) Google+. And there is a strong focus on user behavior: Once a visitor hits your site, are they easily finding what they are looking for?

Google wants to ensure content legitimacy, which is all good. Having a physical business location, contact page, and better user interaction are good criteria for search hierarchy. But to win at the game you have to know the rules of the road.

Content is still king.

Content has withstood the test of time admirably. There’s no substitute for having good, useful, usable content.

Keyword stuffing, duplicated content, invisible text, and other black hat tricks have been used to elevate search visibility, but unethical or illegal measures to rank your site higher on Google will most likely result in penalties such as lower rankings or being banned from the index. Our advice: make really good content experiences the centerpiece of your SEO strategy – and stay alert for new SEO advancements.

If you’d like an SEO update, feel free to contact us.

With trending topics, tread carefully

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The need to show relevance – and restraint

Social marketing strategy is about staying relevant. We advise clients to add their voice and content to hot topics – when it’s appropriate. Sounds obvious, yes?

But look around and you can see big brands that comment on every trending topic out there. Sure, it’s nice to make it to the top of Twitter timelines and be seen by more potential followers, but it requires diligence and discretion – attributes that easily get lost in the chase to keep up with real time trends.

How DiGiorno pizza got burned

DiGiorno Pizza is one of the biggest players in the twittersphere, with a witty, responsive, and relevant presence (as a rule). They have a smart-alecky, wise-guy voice and they tweet non-stop and comment on trending topics. In addition to sports games and awards show commentary, they even live-tweeted the Sound of Music.

But the practice of diving into as many trending topics as possible recently backfired on the DiGiorno’s social team. They accidentally made a humorous tweet about pizza and attached the #WhyIStayed hashtag – which was referring to domestic violence in response to the Ray Rice scandal.

“Uh-oh”

After a huge corporate social fail, there are different ways of handling the situation. Some companies choose to simply go dark. Others will delete a tweet/post and pretend it never happened. After they joked about the social upheaval in Egypt, Kenneth Cole made an apology and then waited for the next news cycle. DiGiorno also made a couple major apologies and tried to respond to each person who was offended by the post. They have not tweeted again since apologizing for the incident, which took place in early September.

While DiGiorno’s response was the most appropriate for them, most companies don’t have the manpower to devote to individual responses – especially if they have 82k followers.

How to sidestep disaster

Strategize on voice. While developing your social strategy, discuss what the voice of your company should be. Make sure it is in line with your corporate values and brand reputation. Are you going to be witty and funny about anything in pop culture or will you focus only on industry-specific topics?

Research the context. Even if it means your tweet will take 15 minutes longer to be sent, make sure that you research a topic before posting about it – especially trending topics on twitter.

Test it on teammates. A tweet that seems innocuous to you could be offensive to someone else. Take a few minutes to ask your co-workers what they think. Asking 3-5 different people should let you know if there are any potential landmines.

As always, we are here to help with your social strategy… contact us if you have any questions.

Back to school on social PR

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Schools are brands

Educational institutions – from private schools to community colleges – have awakened to the power of brand development.

There is a growing recognition that schools offer branded experiences to a range of constituents – donors, faculty, alums, students past present and future, as well as employees, unions, and others among them – and that the equity of the brand needs protection.

Academic brands need to rethink PR

It used to be that a school’s brand reputation was largely driven by news headlines. “Fraternity house under investigation for hazing,” or “Women’s hockey team wins title” are the old school PR scenarios that schools had to combat or capitalize on.

Today, schools have a huge opportunity to use social media for PR purposes. If a consumer is upset with a brand, they will tweet about why. Consumers like academic brands on Facebook. They follow their favorite schools on LinkedIn university.

Trending: #[School]Problems

One trend in college and high school students is #[InsertNameOfYourSchoolHere]Problems. The hashtag and twitter handle is used across the US to put issues students have with schools front and center. The content ranges from the comical….

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…to the controversial…

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…to the awful.

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How to combat negative PR in social media

To combat negative PR, schools need to act like a consumer brand. This means embracing 1 of 3 strategies;

  1. Take every response seriously. No matter how trivial, comical, or inconsequential the comment may seem, respond with concern. This can deter internet trolls while maintaining good relations with legitimate customers. The best practice: Offer an email address that the consumer can use for private resolution of the issue. And resolve the issue.
  2. Learn to take – and make – a joke. Sometimes brands respond to funny or mean social posts in a comical way. This can be risky, but very rewarding. Don’t forget how this facebook post about women’s menstrual conditions inspired the Bodyform video that went crazy viral.
  3. Ignore the everyday negativity. AKA the “go-dark” method. It is useful against trolls who crave attention and should not be rewarded with recognition, however it can hurt your brand when the complaint is legit. This will require a person within an educational institution to monitor, assess, and determine what’s worth answering and what is not.

 

School’s out: Get a social media policy in place.

It’s hard to know what to respond to (and how) without establishing some guidelines first. This requires that a social media policy be created, with a clear sense of the school’s philosophy about communications – and an equally clear grasp of resources, human and material. The challenge is to scale needs to capabilities – and it’s something we help clients with all the time.

 

Not sure how to create a social media policy that’s right for you? Join us for a beverage to discuss it.

 

Facebook does an about face

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Closing the Like-Gate

In a very quiet announcement last week, Facebook announced that the commonly used practice of “like-gating” a page for contests & promotions will be against policy, effective November 5, 2014.

Like–gating refers to the requirement that a visitor must like your Facebook page in order to enter a contest or take part in a promotion. The value of a like is questionable, but like-gating has been widely used as a successful fan-acquisition method. So let’s look at the issue.

The new policy

The updated policy, mixed in with other content on a Facebook Developers blog, says “You must not incentivize people to use social plugins or to like a Page. This includes offering rewards, or gating apps or app content based on whether or not a person has liked a Page. It remains acceptable to incentivize people to login to your app, checkin at a place or enter a promotion on your app’s Page. To ensure quality connections and help businesses reach the people who matter to them, we want people to like Pages because they want to connect and hear from the business, not because of artificial incentives. We believe this update will benefit people and advertisers alike.”

What it means & what you should do

With this new policy in place, contests, rewards, and promotions will be open to everyone on Facebook who encounters the content, no liking required. So you may get a bazillion entries, but not a single new like. For marketers who are still building communities and believe that Facebook likes may actually have some value, here are some ideas.

Use the wall

An on-wall promotion is when a brand makes a post and asks users to comment to enter. On-wall promotions have many benefits. For one, they cost less. They’re also easier to deploy & manage, with fewer barriers to entry for participants. Of course, these posts won’t get you more fans either, but if you run a weekly or monthly promotion, at least people have a reason to return.

Collect additional information

OK, so Facebook won’t let you make becoming a fan a condition for someone entering a promotion – but that doesn’t mean you can’t ask for information prior to entry. Have email as a required field. Maybe try for a phone number. Just remember that your contest has to have enough value to justify asking for the information.

Don’t abandon Facebook

Facebook is concerned about its own usability, which is a good thing for everyone who uses it. And we think Facebook recognizes that the overall quality of brand communities will increase if those communities are not inflated with hit-and-run contestants. So don’t eliminate Facebook outreach. Just make sure it’s not the sole focus of a campaign. Customers have multiple networks to choose from and brands should be available across most of them.

Encourage UGC

And remember that a single piece of UGC makes more impact than a Facebook like. That’s why we sometimes suggest “action-gating,” requiring a customer to submit some form of UGC (on any social media network they like) to be entered in a contest or promotion.

If you have any questions or need a beverage, we’re here.

Is Pinterest Killing Creativity?

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As we pointed out in Why Pinterest Reminds Me of the Stock Market, Pinterest was one of the fastest growing social networks ever – an online bulletin board that allowed you to “pin” your own pictures and online bookmarks and share them with friends.

It has become the go-to site for everyday creativity – things like cooking, styling, or DIY project ideas. And therein lies the issue.

The Pig Cake Conundrum

A partner here needed to make a pig cake for her daughter’s birthday. Her first step was to search for “pig cake” on Pinterest, which returned hundreds of options, from Peppa Pig to Miss Piggy. The options seemed endless and each image linked to step-by-step instructions of how to make the masterpiece.

Good news: She duplicated a cake and it was a hit at the party.

Bad news: The experience sucked.

It wasn’t because the cake didn’t look and taste fantastic. It was because she couldn’t take credit for it. It wasn’t hers. It belonged to Pinterest.

What this means for clients

One of our CPG clients, a household marker brand, promotes its products as expressions of everyday creativity. They began using Pinterest shortly after the site launched. It has been a great traffic driver to the client’s website. Its had synergies with other social networks and has improved positive social mentions.

Would we recommend that our client that not posting crafts because people should be creative on their own? Of course not.

But brands that enable people to be “creative” should encourage engagement that does not rely on step-by-step instruction.

Define a creative task, but leave it loose. A sample engagement invite for our marker client: Using only a blue, green & yellow marker, draw a picture of your favorite summer activity.

Encourage fans to share their own creations. Calls to action around UGC should  reward participation with positive comments and appreciation.

Redefine creativity through your brand. Food and beverage brands have contests for  consumers to volunteer new recipes. Home improvement brands love it when people use their products in new and unexpected ways. Even the act of authoring a review is creative – and should be acknowledged as such. Converse, back in 2005, started down a path of consumer-authored creative and look where its taken them.

 

Feeling like your consumer outreach could use a little creativity? Discuss it with us over a beverage. Contact us.

Listen up: Time for website audio to make a comeback

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The argument against websites that autoplay sound is well-known.

It’s annoying.

It’s invasive.

It’s a dead giveaway at work that you’re not really working. And those cheesy speakers with no midrange aren’t helping matters any.

But when we turn off the sound, we’re saying goodbye to a sensory experience that can do a lot for the site experience. We think it’s time clients listen to the case for how sound can support the target experience.

5 reasons why audio should be reconsidered.

1. People work with headphones on. Thanks to tablets and smart phones, more and more people work with in-your-ear audio as a way of getting through the day.

2. YouTube changed everything. The ascendancy of YouTube as a research and learning platform has meant that it’s acceptable to include audio + video content as a core part of everyday life, even in the workplace.

3. Stories are told with sound. Branded content often has an agenda of cultivating a narrative around the product – anecdotes, stories from everyday consumers, and other forms of allegory. Categorically eliminating sound ties one hand behind the back of the website as it seeks engagement. See how this funky Berlin hotel uses audio to create an other-worldly experience

4. It can be subtle. Audio can be atmospheric and textural. It can be simple sound effects that set a tone or mood. Check out how audio works within this scrolling site for a story the Guardian built about a wild fire in Tasmania.

5. It can be elective. Website visitors can be empowered to decide if they want to listen to the audio – just make it clear to them that they’re going to a sound file with a “Hear the full experience” activation button for listeners who want to go deeper.

Sound off – or on? Let us know what you think.

There’s no definitive, yes-or-no answer regarding audio usage on websites. It’s all a question of whether it works for what you’re trying to accomplish. So let us hear your opinion, online or in person.